The „unconscious” is the unconscious only in relation to the „normal” state of activity. When we speak of „unconscious” we really say only that an experience is alien to that frame of mind which exists while and as we act; it is then felt as a ghostlike, intrusive element, hard to get hold of and hard to remember. But the day world is as unconscious in our sleep experience as the night world is in our waking experience. The term „unconscious” is customarily used solely from the standpoint of day experience; and thus it fails to denote that both conscious and unconscious are only different states of mind referring to different states of existence. ― (1951a: The Forgotten Language. An Introduction to the Understanding of Dreams, Fairy Tales and Myths, New York (Rinehart and Co.) 1951, p. 29.)

The unconscious is the whole man – minus that part of him which corresponds to his society. Consciousness represents social man, the accidental limitations set by the historical situation into which an individual is thrown. Unconsciousness represents universal man, the whole man, rooted in the cosmos; it represents the plant in him, the animal in him, the spirit in him; it represents his past, down to the dawn of human existence, and it represents his future up to the day when man will have become fully human, and when nature will be humanized as man will be „naturalized.“ ― (1962a: Beyond the Chains of Illusion. My Encounter with Marx and Freud (Credo Perspectives, planned and edited by Ruth Nanda Anshen), New York (Simon and Schuster) 1962, pp. 128f.)