Freedom is not so much a fact but a possibility: the authentic achievement of the human person. Freedom must be gained specifically against the obstacles and the conditions to which we are constantly exposed. ― (1968g: Introduction, in Erich Fromm and Ramón Xirau (Eds.): The Nature of Man. Readings selected, edited and furnished with an introduction by Erich Fromm and Ramón Xirau, New York (Macmillan) 1968, pp. 13f.)


I believe that freedom is not a constant attribute that „we have“ or „we don’t have“; perhaps there is only one reality: the act of liberating ourselves in the process of using choices. Every step in life that heightens the maturity of man heightens his ability to choose the freeing alternative. ― (1992q [1965]: Some Beliefs of Man, in Man, for Man, in: E. Fromm, On Being Human, New York (Continuum) 1994, p. 102.)


We can use the concept „freedom“ in two different senses: In one, freedom is an attitude, an orientation, part of the character structure of the mature, fully developed, productive person. (…) Freedom in this sense has a reference to (…) to the character structure of the person involved; and in this sense the person who „is not free to choose evil“ is the completely free person. ― The second meaning of freedom (has to do with) the capacity to make a choice between opposite alternatives; alternatives which, however, always imply the choice between the rational and the irrational interest in life and its growth versus stagnation and death; when used in this second sense the best and the worst man are not free to choose, while it is precisely the average man with contradictory inclinations, for whom the problem of freedom of choice exists. ― (1964a: The Heart of Man. Its Genius for Good and Evil, New York (Harper and Row) 1964, p. 132.)

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